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Geosciences

Code: op_G2, ECTS: 42

Syllabus

One of the traditional human preoccupations is to ensure adequate provision of mineral products required for industry: water, building materials, hydrocarbons, coal, uranium and various ores. This is the aim of some of the geological sciences which focus on the exploration and prospecting of useful substances.

The exploitation of natural resources, the storage of waste and major public works schemes cannot be conducted without precautions. Otherwise, the natural environment will be subjected to irreversible degradation which future generations will have to endure without any possible remedy. The purpose of the environmental sciences is precisely to respond to this. These fields are essentially interdisciplinary but a sound knowledge of geology is one of the vital prerequisites.
Judicious implementation of the earth sciences and the environment requires an aptitude for observation of natural objects, combined with patience, meticulousness, active curiosity and, above all, intellectual honesty which, without paralysing imagination and reasoning, must remain subservient to the facts observed.
Furthermore, as the exact sciences can serve the sciences of observation, the tasks of quantification and modelling can ensure greater accuracy in the evaluation and forecasting processes related to the complexity of natural objects and phenomena.

Programme

Tuition is organized in such a way as to take account both of the qualitative as well as the quantitative aspects required for understanding the history and properties of natural objects on all scales, whether or not they have been modified by the hand of man.
The course involves two phases: one is common to all the students who have chosen this Minor, while the other corresponds to individual work and extends over the end of third year. Reference is given to experience in the field and individual work rather than courses whenever the particular topic permits.
The common core training offers:

  • a month-long period of geological fieldwork divided into two parts (early July and late August, early September), focusing on learning the principles underlying sedimentary, metamorphical and eruptive terrain, combined with a series of debriefing sessions with supplementary classes;
  • another month-long period focusing on the environmental sciences: introduction to earth science (pedology), types of relief (morphology), water (quantitative hydrogeology), the effects on the environment (impact) of major building schemes, open cast and underground mining operations, and underground or surface storage of toxic or radioactive waste. Notions of geological risks. Ecological effects. Legal and economic aspects;
  • a course in geophysics; a course in hydrogeology; a course in civil engineering geology.
Individual study at the end of third year, known as the Minor, focusing on a real, practical problem, is chosen from among the sciences linked to the exploration and exploitation of relevant sciences or else the environment.
Part of the Minor training period is necessarily undertaken in the field or at a research centre, more often than not linked to industry.
The topics offered relate either to structural geology, the petrology of metamorphic or magmatic rocks, applied geophysics, geology for the engineer and hydrogeology.

Teaching team

Lecturer(s)
Hervé CHAURISAgnès LABOUDIGUE

Teaching staff
Pierre DUBLANCHET

Contributor(s)
Eric CHAUMILLON ; Isabelle COJAN ; Michel DEMANGE ; Laurent DEWINDT ; Nicolas FLIPO ; Alexandrine GESRET ; Vincent LAGNEAU ; Aurélie LAME ; Sabine LIORZOU ; Jean-René MALAVOI ; Caroline MEHL ; Daniel MERCIER ; Amer MOUHRI ; Louis RAIMBAULT ; Jean-Loup RUBINO ; Bernadette TESSIER ; Daniel TESSIER ; Médard THIRY
Code op_G2
Year 2nd & 3rd years
Level Graduate 1st year, Graduate 2nd year
ECTS Credits 42
Coefficient 0
Nb. of hours 266
Nb. of lessons 213
Course type Minor
Semester 4, 5, 6
Period Spring
Domains
  • Génie et sciences de la terre
Last update:
24 Jan 2017 11:12 by julien